مقایسه رشد حرکتی دختران چاق/ اضافه وزن و وزن طبیعی 9-12 ساله ناحیه 2 شهر اراک

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد رفتار حرکتی، دانشگاه اراک

2 دانشیار دانشگاه اراک

3 استادیار دانشگاه اراک

چکیده

مقدمه و هدف: در کشورهای درحال توسعه و ایران، کم تحرکی و اثرات منفی آن بر سلامت جسمانی و روانی به سرعت در حال افزایش است. بنابراین هدف از این مطالعه، مقایسه رشد حرکتی دختران چاق/ اضافه وزن با کودکان دارای وزن طبیعی است.
روش شناسی : دراین مطالعه ی پس رویدادی با طرح علی- مقایسه ای، تعداد20 نفردانش آموزچاق/ اضافه وزن و20 نفردانش آموز با وزن طبیعی ازدختران 9 تا 12 سال مدارس ابتدایی وراهنمایی دخترانه ناحیه 2 شهراراک، به صورت خوشه ای چند مرحله ای و بطور هدفمند به عنوان نمونه آماری انتخاب شده و در این مطالعه شرکت کردند.  برای گردآوری اطلاعات،ازپرسشنامه فردی و آزمون رشدحرکتی درشت اولریخ استفاده شد. تحلیل آماری داده های خام به دست آمده با استفاده از آزمون لون و تحلیل مانوا  انجام شد.
یافته ها: :نتایج این مطالعه نشان دادکه رشد حرکتی دختران چاق/ اضافه وزن و وزن طبیعی با هم تفاوت دارد و سطح رشد حرکتی دختران چاق/ اضافه وزن نسبت به دختران دارای وزن طبیعی پایین تر است(001/0(sig=.
بحث و نتیجه گیری : باتوجه به یافته­های پژوهش حاضر، به نظرمی رسدکه مقدار شاخص توده بدنی بر رشد حرکتی دختران تاثیر دارد، به طوری که دانش آموزانی که BMI پایین تری دارند، از نظر سطح رشد حرکتی،آماده تر از سایر دانش آموزان هستند.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


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