نقش فعالیت بدنی و ورزش در گذران اوقات فراغت معلولان جسمی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشگاه مازندران

2 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت تربیت بدنی

چکیده

سیدمحمد حسین رضوی، رضا رجب­زاده، علی اکبر میرزاپور، سید احمد سجادی
 
مقدمه و هدف: فراغت زمان بیهوده و عبث تعبیر نمی­شود و هدف این پژوهش بررسی نقش فعالیت بدنی و ورزش بر اوقات فراغت معلولان جسمی است.
روش شناسی: تحقیق با توجه به هدف از نوع تحقیقات کاربردی، از نظر روش انجام تحقیق توصیفی و نحوه گردآوری داده‌ها به روش میدانی انجام شد، پرسشنامه 38سوأله پس از تأیید روایی محتوی و پایایی آلفای کرونباخ (82/0) در میان 355 نمونه آماری توزیع شد. جهت تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها از آمار توصیفی و استنباطی استفاده گردید (05/0≥p).
یافته­ها: افزایش زمان فراغت معلولان در طی ده سال گذشته، میانگین زمان فراغت معلولان 5/6 ساعت در شبانه روز بوده که ورزش در این زمان در رتبه چهارم اولویت­ها قرار داشت.
بحث و نتیجه­گیری: اعمال موارد ذیل ضروری به نظر می­رسد: برنامه­ریزی مدون ورزشی برای فراغت معلولین از طریق سازمان­های ذی­ربط، افزایش انگیزه معلولان برای انجام فعالیت­بدنی و ورزش، فرهنگ سازی جامعه برای ایجاد آمادگی ذهنی و روانی در اقشار مختلف برای باور نقش و اهمیت ورزش معلولان.
 
 

 

کلیدواژه‌ها


##Hamer.Mark,Gerard J.Molloy,Cesar de Oliveira(2009). Panayotes Demakakos Leisure time physical activity, risk of depressive symptoms, and inflammatory mediators: Journal ofAging, Phyisical Activity vol. 26, no. 8, 485–494##Rajabzade,reza(2010),Study of Effective Factorsthe physically disabledleisure activitiessportsin NorthKhorasan Province.MS Thesis, University of Mazandaran.##Rahmani &Associates,(2006),The roleof sportinleisure time spend of students inIslamic AzadUniversity of Takestan, ResearchinSports Science. Issue12, pp 33 to50. ##Hivoud, les & et al, Translated by MohammadEhsani (1384), leisure time,Bamdad ketab publishing, third edition.##Tondnevis, fereidun(1996), Howleisure time spend in students anduniversities in the nationwith an emphasis onphysical activity, PhDthesis, Tehran University.##EhsanpourT esmaeil(2006), Productivity of leisure time with respect to the opinions of sociologists and compare it with the divine teachings, Number14, pp 186to193.##Bruno S. Frey, Chrstine Benesch and Alois Stutzer (2005) 2. Does watching TV make us happy? Retrieved from the world wide web (2005): http://www.iew.unizh.ch/wp##Peter R. Giacobbi Jr. and Michael Stancil. (2008). Physical Activity and Quality of Life Experienced by Highly Active Individuals With Physical Disabilities, Adapted PhysicalActivity Quarterly, 25 189-207.##Blair Gyarfas I. Iwane H. Mati B. Matsudo V. et al (1996) Development of public SN. Booth M. policy and physical activity initiatives internationally, Sports Med. 21(3): 157-163.##Safania, ali mohamad(2001), How toleisure timespend in female studentsof Islamic Azad Universitywithan emphasis onsporting activities, Harekat No. 9, pp: 140to127.##Amy E. Bodde a , Dong-Chul Seo a, Georgia Frey b.(2009). Correlation between physical activity and self-rated health status of non-elderly adults with disabilities, Preventive Medicine 49 (2009) 511–514.##Lindstrom M., Moghaddasi M., and Merlo J (2003) Social capital and leisure time physical activity: A population based multilevel analysis in Malmo, Sweden, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, retrieved from the world wide web (2006): http://jech.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/##Li Wen Jun and et al (2006) Outdoor falls among middle aged and older adults: A neglected public health problem. Journal of Public Health, Vol. 96, Issue 7, retrieved from the world wide web (2006):http://www.daneshyar.org##Davati, ali& Jmali, Akhtar(2004),Tehran cityretirement utilization ofleisure timespecial services, Journal of refahe ejtemaei, Fourth year, NO 15##Dozhahang,manuchehr(2005), Comparison of Mental health in physical-motordisability personsathletes and non-athletes in Rasht##Jalali farahani,Majid(2009),Leisure time and recreational sports,Tehran University Publications,Second edition.##Azami, mehdi(1994), Examinehowleisure timehigh school malestudents in cities ofNorthern Khorasanwith an emphasis onphysical activity, MS Thesis, Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch.##Alizadeh, mohamad hosein& gharakhanloo, reza(2000), Examined howleisure time spend in disabled andveterans with emphasis on the role ofphysical education and sports, Harekat No.6, Fall79, pp 23to 29.##Heslington, York(2009), What happens to people before and after disability? Focusing effects, lead effects, and adaptation in different areas of life, Social Science and Medicine,volum 69, no 12, pp.1834-1844.##White M Siobhan, Thomas R Wojcicki and Edward McAuely(2009), Physical activity and quelity of life in community dwelling older adults , Health and Quality of Life Outcomes,vol 18, no 3, 180-191##Poursoltani, hosein(2003), The relationshipbetweenexercise andmental healthof veteransandthe disabledamputee in Iranian athletes,ScienceJournal of harekate varzeshi. Volume I, Number 2, Spring1382,pp10 to16.##Jalali farahani,Majid(2008),Physical Educationand Sportsfor Disabled,Instituteof Physical EducationMinistry of Science,Research and Technology,First Edition.##Egilson, B.Aggarwal Bharat(2009), Participation of students with physical disabilities in the school environment. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, vol 16, no 3, 280-291##Hall. Elizabeth.(2009)- Living Well! The Benefits of Leisure for People with Disabilities, Indiana university BLOOMINGTON.##Myren, Kati (2000) Physical activities and leisure time spending 33. among immigrants in Findland. Retrieved from the world wide web(2003):http//www.findians.com##Astrid N. Sjolie and Ford Thuen (2002) School journeys and leisure activities in rural and urban adolscents in Norway. Health Promotion Int. Vol.17,(1):21-30.##Marlyn A. Nippold, Jill k. Duthie, Jennifer Larsen (2006) Free time preferences of older children and young adolescents, Language, Speech and Hearing Services in Schools, Vol. 36, P. 93-102, Retrieved from the world wide web(2006):http//lshss.asha.org/##Ghafouri ruzbahani, Ahmad & Hemati nejhad, mehrali(2002), Evaluation ofsportstimeactivities of extra-curricular inGuilan University, FifthNational Conference onPhysical Education andSports Sciencein shahid chamranUniversity.##Iain K. Crombie, Linda Irvine, Brian Williams, Alison R. Mc Ginnis, Peter W. Slane, Elizabeth M. Alder and Marion E.T. Mc Murdo (2004) Why older people do not participate in leisure time physical activity: A survey of activity levels, Beliefs and Deterrents, 33:287-292, Retrieved from the world wide web(2006): http://ageing. oxfordjournals.org/##